Welcome to the website of Purbi Singhbhum District of Jharkhand
About Important Folk Culture & Festival (Conti..)
Tusu or Makar
The most common festival is Tusu or harvest festival comes during the winter in the last day of Poush month. It is also for the unmarried girls. For them Tusu is super excellent with grace and elegance who may fulfil their desire. Though there is no history behind this festival, there are some ritual custom and what it has its tremendous store of scintillating songs full of life and taste. The stories and the experiences of livelihood are reflected through these songs. It is so deeply affective that one can realize the simplicity impression in the innocent people of this land.
Bhagta Parab namely the festival of the devotees, comes in the end of spring season and in the beginning of summer season. Among the tribal, it is popularly known as worship of Budha Baba because here it has got its own meaning and procedure of worshipping. Bhagta or devotees observe fast for the worship. In the evening they carry their village priest called Laya from bathing pond to the temple. It is a peculiar sacrificial scenario when the Laya gets out of the pond after bathing the devotees make a chain, locking their thighs with each other and come forward to offer their bare chest to Laya for walk over. After the evening worship, devotees take part in dynamic and vigorous Chhau Dance. The next day, a primitive sports of bravery is observed. The devotees pierce hooks on the back of their skin and get tied at one end of a long horizontal wooden pole, which is hanging on the top of a vertical Shal wood pole, at a height of about 30 feet or some times 50 feet. Now the other end of the horizontal pole which is connected with a rope, pulled around the pole by the people and the tied devotee display the breath taking dance in the sky
Perhaps the most popular festivals is Bandana Parab during the black moon of Kartik month (Kartik Aamavashya). This festival is mainly for the benefit of animals and symbol of animal worship. The songs of this festival are called Ohira. Farmers clean their animals, feed them well, give them complete rest, decorate and ornate them. They sing songs of admiration as an acknowledgement for their contribution. The primitive people believe that animals also have spirits which might harm or benefit them. So as to pacify these spirits as well as for better performance they worship their animals. The alluring of the week long festival takes place on the last day. Bulls and buffalos are chained to a strong pole and they are attacked with a dry animal hyde. The angry and excited animals hit the dry skin with its horns and the crowd enjoy looking at its vigorousness, anger and excitement.
A unique aspect of Bandna is the wall embellishment with the folk painting
Perhaps the first folk festival of this land is Rohin. It is a symbolic festival of sowing seeds in the field. Farmers begin sowing seeds from this day. There is no dance or song like other festivals but just a few rituals. There are also some other festivals along with Rohin and they are Rajsawala Ambavati and Chitgomha