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About Flora & Funa(Continue..)

The Ghatshila-Chakulia area, along the side of the railway line and the road is a comparatively level country much land having been brought under cultivation and only trees of importance to the villages such as mahua, Sahijana, neem, bargad, peepal, khajur, aam imli, papaya, katahall and ber are seen. On the hill side, in these areas there are forests present but they have been much exploited for a pretty long time and the jungles are in a poor state

The north Kolhan area and the South Porahat area - The condition here is bad so far as the vegetation is concerned. There has been much cutting and grazing. On the slopes of the hills are seen,sal with Gardenia Specics, Dillenia aurea, phoenix acaulis valleys sal with careya arborea and Dillenia pentagta, asan harra,kusum and pterocarpus marsupium. On the even lands, a few salai, dhaura, cheistanthus collinus, lannea grandis, Sterrculia urens, Co-chlospermum gossypium, bamboo and khajur are seen. Self introduced herbs like scoparia dulcis, Ageratum conyoides, clerodendron infortunatum are seen

The hill ranges on the north-eastern boundary between Anandpur and Bandagaon - There is a steep rise of about 1500 feet the mountain range being crossed by a ghat to reach the ranchi district. The ghat area is covered with protected forest. Being the southern face, the jungle is not very thick and the species are mostly xerophilous ones.

Sal is present but the plants are bot very tall and not close together. It is accompanied by many white barked trees (Sterculia urens) as elsewhere and also a few mahua, peepal, semal, palas, aam and kydia calycina accompained by climbers like combretum decandrum, discoreas, Smilax species, and vitis species the under shrubs are amla, woodfordia, Indigofera pulchella and tall grasses

Interesting Plants of the District

The Gymnosperm, Gnetum scandens is found in this district in the valleys. The stemless palm, phoenix acaulis, though seen elsewhere also on the Chotanagpur and Palamau plateaux is abundant. Especially in the area south of Tatanagar Cassytha filliformis, the green thread like parasite, several species of loranthus and several epiphytic orchids are seen here. The white barked gouty stemmed trees of Sterculia urens and Boswellia serrata are very conspicuous against the background of the black rocks


These forests are found scattered throughout the district bu the bulk lies in south-western parts where it runs unbroken in long stretches covering a number of steep rocky hills and intervening valleys. This type of topography becomes a determining factor in the distribution, nature and type of vegetation which varies from a dry thorny type on very dry, exposed, badly eroded rocky hills to semi-evergreen type in sheltered damp valleys. But apart from these two extreme types, the ruling vegetation is moist tropical deciduous forest which tends to become dry deciduous on ridges and exposed spurs on open southern aspects.