Purbi Singhbhum district is situated at the southeast corner of Jharkhand. It has been formed after isolating nine block from old Singhbhum on 16th January 1990. From the industrial growth and mining quarrying point of view this district has leading position in Jharkhand. Before independence the entire area of Purbi Singhbhum district was part of old Manbhum district and old Dhalbhum estate. After independence it has been merged with greater Singhbhum. The total geographical area of district is about 3533 Sq. kms,which is about 2.03% of the whole state. About 53% of the total area of district is covered by residual mountains and hills consisting of granite,gneiss,schist.It is a part of Chhotanagpur plateau.The Dalma range extends from west to east covered by dense forest on the northern side.The Subernarekha river flows from west to south-east direction.The district is rich in minerals and these are found abundantly.
From the administrative point of view this district has been divided into two Sub-Division Dhalbhum and Ghatshila.The district consists of eleven blocks namely Golmuri-cum-Jugsalai(Jamshedpur), Potka, Patamda and Boram in Dhalbhum Sub-Division and Ghatshila, Musabani, Dumaria, Baharagora, Dhalbhumgarh, Chakulia and Gurabandha in Ghatshila Sub-Division.There are 231 Panchayat and about 1810 revenue villages out of which 1669 Revenue Villages are inhabited and rest 141 Revenue villages are unhabitated.The Head Quarter of this district is Jamshedpur.
The Climate of the district is temperate. Annual rainfall is 1200 mm to 1400 mm. This area comes under the path of south-west monsoon so sometimes it receive heavy rain during July to September,During the summer season maximum temperature goes upto 40-45 degree centigrade whereas in winter it has recorded a minimum 8 degree centigrade. The district is rich in minerals and is found abundantly. Iron Ore, Copper, Uranium, Gold Kynite are the main minerals.